OctetString type

class pyasn1.type.univ.OctetString(value=NoValue(), tagSet=TagSet(), subtypeSpec=ConstraintsIntersection(), encoding='iso-8859-1', binValue=NoValue(), hexValue=NoValue())

Create OctetString schema or value object.

OctetString objects are immutable and duck-type Python 2 str or Python 3 bytes. When used in Unicode context, OctetString type assumes “iso-8859-1” serialisation.

Keyword Arguments:
 
  • value (str, bytes or OctetString object) – string (Python 2) or bytes (Python 3), alternatively unicode object (Python 2) or string (Python 3) representing character string to be serialised into octets (note encoding parameter) or OctetString object.
  • tagSet (TagSet) – Object representing non-default ASN.1 tag(s)
  • subtypeSpec (ConstraintsIntersection) – Object representing non-default ASN.1 subtype constraint(s)
  • encoding (str) – Unicode codec ID to encode/decode unicode (Python 2) or str (Python 3) the payload when OctetString object is used in text string context.
  • binValue (str) – Binary string initializer to use instead of the value. Example: ‘10110011’.
  • hexValue (str) – Hexadecimal string initializer to use instead of the value. Example: ‘DEADBEEF’.
Raises:

PyAsn1Error – On constraint violation or bad initializer.

Examples

class Icon(OctetString):
    '''
    ASN.1 specification:

    Icon ::= OCTET STRING

    icon1 Icon ::= '001100010011001000110011'B
    icon2 Icon ::= '313233'H
    '''
icon1 = Icon.fromBinaryString('001100010011001000110011')
icon2 = Icon.fromHexString('313233')

Note

The OctetString type models an arbitrary string of octets (eight-bit numbers), not printable text string.

clone(value=NoValue(), tagSet=TagSet(), subtypeSpec=ConstraintsIntersection(), encoding='iso-8859-1')

Create a modified version of OctetString schema or value object.

The clone() method accepts the same set arguments as OctetString class takes on instantiation except that all arguments of the clone() method are optional.

Whatever arguments are supplied, they are used to create a copy of self taking precedence over the ones used to instantiate self.

Note

Due to the immutable nature of the OctetString object, if no arguments are supplied, no new OctetString object will be created and self will be returned instead.

subtype(value=NoValue(), implicitTag=Tag(), explicitTag=Tag(), subtypeSpec=ConstraintsIntersection(), encoding='iso-8859-1')

Create a specialization of OctetString schema or value object.

The subtype relationship between ASN.1 types has no correlation with subtype relationship between Python types. ASN.1 type is mainly identified by its tag(s) (TagSet) and value range constraints (ConstraintsIntersection). These ASN.1 type properties are implemented as OctetString attributes.

The subtype() method accepts the same set arguments as OctetString class takes on instantiation except that all parameters of the subtype() method are optional.

With the exception of the arguments described below, the rest of supplied arguments they are used to create a copy of self taking precedence over the ones used to instantiate self.

The following arguments to subtype() create a ASN.1 subtype out of OctetString type:

Other Parameters:
 
  • implicitTag (Tag) – Implicitly apply given ASN.1 tag object to self’s TagSet, then use the result as new object’s ASN.1 tag(s).
  • explicitTag (Tag) – Explicitly apply given ASN.1 tag object to self’s TagSet, then use the result as new object’s ASN.1 tag(s).
  • subtypeSpec (ConstraintsIntersection) – Add ASN.1 constraints object to one of the self’s, then use the result as new object’s ASN.1 constraints.
Returns:

new instance of OctetString schema or value object

Note

Due to the immutable nature of the OctetString object, if no arguments are supplied, no new OctetString object will be created and self will be returned instead.

tagSet = <TagSet object at 0x10511b240 tags 0:0:4>

Set (on class, not on instance) or return a TagSet object representing ASN.1 tag(s) associated with OctetString type.

subtypeSpec = <ConstraintsIntersection object>

Set (on class, not on instance) or return a ConstraintsIntersection object imposing constraints on OctetString type initialization values.

static fromBinaryString(value)

Create a OctetString object initialized from a string of ‘0’ and ‘1’.

Parameters:value (str) – Text string like ‘1010111’
static fromHexString(value)

Create a OctetString object initialized from the hex string.

Parameters:value (str) – Text string like ‘DEADBEEF’
effectiveTagSet

For OctetString type is equivalent to tagSet

isSameTypeWith(other, matchTags=True, matchConstraints=True)

Examine OctetString type for equality with other ASN.1 type.

ASN.1 tags (tag) and constraints (constraint) are examined when carrying out ASN.1 types comparison.

Python class inheritance relationship is NOT considered.

Parameters:other (a pyasn1 type object) – Class instance representing ASN.1 type.
Returns:boolTrue if other is OctetString type, False otherwise.
isSuperTypeOf(other, matchTags=True, matchConstraints=True)

Examine OctetString type for subtype relationship with other ASN.1 type.

ASN.1 tags (tag) and constraints (constraint) are examined when carrying out ASN.1 types comparison.

Python class inheritance relationship is NOT considered.

Parameters:other (a pyasn1 type object) – Class instance representing ASN.1 type.
Returns:boolTrue if other is a subtype of OctetString type, False otherwise.
isValue

Indicate that OctetString object represents ASN.1 value.

If isValue is False then this object represents just ASN.1 schema.

If isValue is True then, in addition to its ASN.1 schema features, this object can also be used like a Python built-in object (e.g. int, str, dict etc.).

Returns:boolFalse if object represents just ASN.1 schema. True if object represents ASN.1 schema and can be used as a normal value.

Note

There is an important distinction between PyASN1 schema and value objects. The PyASN1 schema objects can only participate in ASN.1 schema-related operations (e.g. defining or testing the structure of the data). Most obvious uses of ASN.1 schema is to guide serialisation codecs whilst encoding/decoding serialised ASN.1 contents.

The PyASN1 value objects can additionally participate in many operations involving regular Python objects (e.g. arithmetic, comprehension etc).

tagMap

Return a TagMap object mapping ASN.1 tags to ASN.1 objects within callee object.